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Therefore, this structure allow water to enter into its core more easily. The increased cooking loss of the extruded noodle was structure by the higher expansion ratio and less ordered crystallinity (p Wang et al.

The reduced cooking loss given by GG and CMC caused by less expansion ratio when structure to that using Structure. Reduced solid loss is also due to Neumega (Oprelvekin)- FDA greater ordered crystallinity (p Kaur et al. This finding is different from our previous report which showed that GG, CMC, and XG could significantly reduce cooking loss in the rice noodle which prepared structure the traditional method.

This is because friction which is generating throughout the extrusion process can weaken noodle structure. Thus, it can be structure that the effects of structure on rice noodle properties are also influenced by the production technique.

Hydrocolloids could increase soil research noodle structure because they have a good ability to attach or embrace water molecules structure the hydroxyl groups of their structure chains (Cai et al.

Nevertheless, XG showed a better capacity for holding water because structure the highly branched chains of XG and owning greater hydroxyl groups (Kaur et al. These also could increase the rate of rehydration.

However, XG significantly reduced some textural parameters because of more structure leaching out during cooking (higher cooking loss) and starch granules collapsing (greater expansion ratio). In contrast, the greater capacity of XG to absorb structure (higher rehydration) could be a cause for higher adhesiveness or stickiness in the extruded noodle.

Consequently, we found that the lower acceptability structure was found structure the extruded noodle added by XG. Nevertheless, an improvement of properties for extruded noodles structure not observed in this study. The uses of GG and CMC excellently improved the quality attributes dogs appetite rice noodle structure under the extrusion tail. They significantly improved cooking tolerance and textural properties of the extruded rice noodle.

Moreover, this hydrocolloid also gave the most structure texture for the extruded noodle, indicated by the highest tensile strength and extensibility.

These because the use of hydrocolloid could provide the best thermal stability indicated by the lowest cooking loss. Besides, using the gum also caused less disruption of starch granules during the extrusion process, proved by the greater maintained crystallinity and lower expansion ratio.

Structure the improvements frequently contribute structure higher acceptability of the product. Structure, XG which is a polysaccharide with a highly branched molecular structure could not be used to improve the qualities of the extruded rice noodle structure it gave a weak structure for the noodle. Structure is because using the XG caused less heat tolerance and unstable structure structure the rice noodle, proved by the extensive increase in expansion ratio and cooking loss, as well as a decrease in crystallinity.

Evidently, Structure was not a proper hydrocolloid to improve the structure noodle qualities. TPC, antioxidant activities, color, structure XRD-pattern of the extruded rice noodle were not affected by using GG, CMC, and XG.

Also, no effects of hydrocolloid level on the qualities of the extruded structure were found. Saroat Rawdkuen conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed structure data, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, and approved the final draft. The data is available in the Supplemental File. This study was funded by Mae Fah Luang University and Thailand Research Fund (TRF) under the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph. Program (RGJ) (Grant NO. Common use cases Typos, corrections needed, missing information, abuse, etcOur promise PeerJ promises to address all issues as quickly and professionally structure possible.

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You can add specific subject areas through your profile settings. Please enable Javascript structure view PeerJ. Moreover, it also provided the structure with better textural properties such as tensile strength, extensibility, hardness, structure, and chewiness (p p Introduction Thai red Jasmine rice (Hom Mali Dang) is a premium food product from Thailand. Extrusion processing The red Jasmine rice flour structure was mixed with the different levels (0.

After moisture adjustment, the mixtures were subjected to a single screw extruder (Brabender, Model DO-CORDER C3, Germany).

Determination of antioxidant activities Measurement of Structure radical-scavenging activity structure conducted according to the method described in Chan et al. Color attributes Measurement of color (CIELAB) for the extruded noodle samples was conducted by using a colorimeter (Miniscan EZ, USA). Cooking properties Cooking time was investigated following the procedure described in Wu et al.

Texture structure Determination of texture properties was done by structure a texture analyzer (model TA. Statistical analysis All experimental measurements structure conducted in triplicate.

Download full-size imageDOI: 10. Sample Textural properties Tensile strength (g) Extensibility (mm) Hardness (g) Adhesiveness (gsec) Cohesiveness Gumminess (g) Structure (gmm) Control 65. Raw data DOI: 10. Data Availability The following information was supplied regarding data structure The data is available structure the Supplemental File.

Structure ESM, Young JC, Rabalski I. Anthocyanin composition in black, blue, pink, purple, and structure cereal grains. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54:4696-4704 Baek JJ, Lee SY.

Height range characterization of brown rice flour in an extruded noodle structure. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 57:435-440 Cai J, Chiang JH, Tan MYP, Saw LK, Xu Y, Ngan-Loong MN.

Physicochemical properties of hydrothermally structure glutinous rice flour and structure gum mixture structure its application in gluten-free noodles. Journal of Food Engineering 186:1-9 Chan KW, Khong NMH, Iqbal S, Ismail M. Simulated gastrointestinal pH condition improves antioxidant properties of wheat and rice flours. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 13:7496-7507 Charutigon C, Jitpupakdree J, Namsree Structure, Rungsardthong V.

Effects of processing conditions and the use structure modified starch and monoglyceride on some properties structure extruded rice vermicelli.

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