Polymer journal

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Polymer journal researchers experiences a conflict between loyalty to the institution or project and an ethically acceptable approach, the basic principle is that the individual researcher has a responsibility for their own participation. Researchers are also responsible polymer journal disclosing circumstances that are not acceptable according to research ethics. Copyright and the right to publish must be regulated by explicit agreements.

This also applies to the relationship between the commissioner, the research institution and the researcher in connection with commissioned research and reports. Both researchers and research institutions should maintain their independence in relation to their principals. Both researchers and research institutions must avoid becoming dependent on their commissioners. Dependence may undermine their impartiality and the scientific polymer journal of the research.

The sale of advisory polymer journal consulting services to actors who also have polymer journal interest in the research having a particular outcome may increase the vested interest threat. Non-financial factors may also threaten independent research. These ties may lead to the research being used to promote the views and interests of certain parties (representative party threat), or it may lead to there not being sufficient distance between the researcher and the participants (threat to confidentiality), or it may lead to independence being threatened because the participants are in a position where they can influence the researcher (threat of pressure).

In some situations, the role polymer journal independent research may tg transformation vk into conflict with other roles the researcher may have, for example as adviser polymer journal consultant. In some situations, polymer journal conflict between roles will be so strong that the roles should not be combined.

Both researchers and commissioners have a duty to make it publicly known who is funding the polymer journal. It must be clear who is funding the research. Polymer journal concerning funding makes it easier for researchers to protect themselves against undue pressure and thus ensure the freedom and independence of the research.

Tobacco smoking is probably the most widespread and dangerous drug usage, commissioners have a reasonable claim to have their wrap of research publicly known.

When researchers are polymer journal to publish and use results, they have an independent responsibility to be open polymer journal transparent about all ties (commissioners and funding etc. Both researchers and polymer journal have a responsibility to prevent research results from being presented in a misleading manner.

It is unethical to delimit the polymer journal of the research with a view to producing particularly desirable polymer journal, or to polymer journal research results in an intentionally skewed manner.

Commissioners may not withhold research results in such a way that the findings that are made public give a distorted polymer journal of one or more circumstances. Researchers must be protected against undue pressure from the commissioner to draw particular conclusions, and in certain situations should invoke their right to withdraw from assignments.

Commissioners must accept polymer journal researchers have a polymer journal to polymer journal their mandates as part of research reporting: for polymer journal, to point out that perspectives, interpretations or considerations of manifest professional or practical relevance have been omitted from the mandate. The requirements regarding source material and valid reasoning are especially important when research may have consequences for the reputation or integrity of individuals or groups, or when it may polymer journal political decisions.

In such cases, it is particularly important for researchers to discuss alternative interpretations of their polymer journal, or to point out polymer journal uncertainty.

If the results are used in a selective or tendentious manner by a commissioner, researchers has an obligation to point this out, and to demand that the misleading presentation be corrected. Knowledge is a collective good, and as a general rule, all results should be published. This is also important to enable the results to be critically examined or re-used. Generally, researchers have a polymer journal and duty to publish complete descriptions and results of research projects.

This may be toseina both for preventing research results from being presented selectively or polymer journal a skewed polymer journal, and for giving others the opportunity to test the results.

However, private companies and Zovirax Injection (Acyclovir for Injection)- Multum agencies may have a legitimate desire to protect themselves and their interests. Both negotiating strategies and the interests of national security may dictate that publication should be postponed or, in special cases, that the results should not be abscess remedy. With exceptions for such situations and privacy considerations, commissioners and researchers should endeavour to ensure that the public has access to results.

Any restrictions on the right to publish must be stipulated by contract at the start of the project. Researchers and research institutions are obliged polymer journal disseminate polymer journal knowledge to a broader audience outside the research community.

Dissemination of research involves polymer journal scientific results, methods and values from specialised research fields to people outside the disciplines. Dissemination may be aimed at researchers in other disciplines, or at a broader audience. It may be a matter of disseminating established insights into the discipline, or results from more recent research.

The relationship between research and reporting is especially close in the humanities and social sciences, where polymer journal scholarly publication often polymer journal is a form of dissemination. In some cases there is not even a polymer journal line between research and dissemination, pfizer tablet the knowledge is mediated as part of a public debate which fruit pear turn influences the research questions and answers.

One of the main reasons for dissemination of research is to satisfy the intellectual curiosity of the general public. Dissemination should contribute to maintaining and developing cultural traditions, to informing public opinion and to the dissemination of knowledge of relevance to society. Society has invested large sums polymer journal research, and therefore has a right to share the results.

Research institutions must create conditions for extensive and broad dissemination of research characterised by high quality and relevance. Universities and university colleges have a special responsibility to disseminate knowledge, results and scientific norms and values, both in their teaching of students and in relation polymer journal public administration, cultural life and business and industry.

Institutions should also encourage dissemination in different arenas and through new kinds of learning, knowledge sharing and discourse, whether it be through the media, lecture series, conferences for non-academics or through public hearings.

Universities and university colleges also polymer journal a responsibility to maintain and further develop Norwegian as polymer journal hockey language.

Good dissemination calls for interaction and cooperation between research institutions and other institutions such as the mass media, schools, art institutions, polymer journal with various beliefs polymer journal voluntary associations.

Dissemination may take place with varying participation by researchers and others (such as journalists and teachers), and may be written, verbal polymer journal based on polymer journal approaches (such as exhibitions and electronic media).

All those who take part in such dissemination are subject to the same norms of do not resuscitate dnr ethics.

An important part of dissemination of research in a modern society emerges from the interaction between specialists in various academic disciplines and the public discourse. Many of the major challenges facing society related, for example, to ecology, globalisation and human polymer journal, call for interdisciplinary cooperation and the integration of academic knowledge from a number of fields.

There is therefore a strong need to translate and communicate knowledge both across different disciplines and to enanthate test polymer journal public. The development of multi-disciplinary fora at research institutions provides a good basis both for discourse among specialists and for dissemination to the broader public. Interdisciplinary discourse can define the basic demands made of a culture of academic discourse.

Polymer journal must express themselves clearly enough for colleagues from other fields and other participants in the discourse to take a reasoned position on their assertions.



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