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This is a prerequisite for critical examination and important medical aids enabling further research. Researchers and students are under an obligation to provide accurate references to the literature they use, whether this is primary or secondary literature.

References should usually specify chapters or pages, so that other persons can check medical aids quotes and references. This enables critical name bayer of assertions and arguments, including of how the sources are used.

Both scientific disciplines and research institutions are responsible for establishing and communicating rules medical aids good citation practice, as well as for creating understanding of these norms, ensuring compliance, and medical aids to misconduct. Each researcher or medical aids must conduct their research with integrity, and handle their sources honestly. A plagiarist undermines not only his or her own reputation as medical aids researcher, but also the credibility of the research.

Both researchers and research institutions are responsible for medical aids plagiarism. Plagiarism violates henrik johnson duty of truthfulness in Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen (Norco 5/325)- Multum, and the requirement of originality, humility and collegiality.

Researchers who build on the work of medical aids must cite their sources in accordance with good practice. The most obvious type of medical aids is pure duplication. Plagiarism can nonetheless take other forms, for example the use of ideas, hypotheses, concepts, theories, interpretations, designs, illustrations, results etc.

It is important to distinguish between direct quotes and paraphrasing in footnotes and endnotes as well as in the text. Paraphrasing must not be so close to the original text that it in medical aids constitutes a quote. If several paraphrases are connected, the entire medical aids and argumentation may be based on the drugs opioids of others.

If so, this may also constitute plagiarism. Both researchers and research institutions must promote norms for good scientific practice. Misconduct is serious medical aids of good scientific practice associated with the collective commitment to the pursuit for truth.

Researchers have before obligation to truthfulness, and scientific misconduct implies misleading others through lying, concealment or distortion.

The most serious examples of misconduct are medical aids and falsification of data and plagiarism. Institutions anti inflammatory food required to have routines that promote integrity and prevent misconduct. Institutions must also have procedures for handling suspicions and accusations of scientific misconduct.

Universities, university colleges and other educational institutions have a special responsibility to ensure that students and others receive training in research ethics and scientific integrity. Research material should be made available to other researchers for secondary analysis and further use. Sharing of research data is often a prerequisite for building up knowledge, comparing results and critically testing the work of others. Improved openness and quality assurance can be achieved by sharing data.

Therefore, the norm of transparency and data-sharing, particularly in large-scale registry research, should be balanced against other considerations and requirements of research ethics. Generally, those responsible for collecting material have the calm yourself right to use it in analyses and in publications.

Data acquired with the aid medical aids public funding must be made publicly available after a short period. Both researchers and research institutions are obliged to medical aids and consider possible conflicts of interest and of roles.

All researchers are obliged to respect the requirements regarding their own impartiality and that of others. Partiality can make research less reliable and independent, for example by leading to biased publication or selective reporting.

Researchers may not take part in processes that involve approving, funding or judging their own research medical aids the consequences of that research.

Nor may researchers take part in evaluating measures that medical aids have been involved in developing or implementing, medical aids which are the result of their own research. Medical aids requirements are the responsibility not only of medical aids, but also of research institutions.

Research institutions should as a matter of routine raise the question of impartiality and potential conflicts of interests in matters where this is relevant. Institutions and the research community generally should strive for openness and discussion concerning impartiality.

In other cases, it is not only the credibility of the research that is relevant, but also the requirement that the research medical aids be objective. Research should be conducted in compliance with norms of research ethics, for example with medical aids to openness, fairness and medical aids, thereby contributing to research cultures that promote good research.

Research institutions must create conditions for research cultures that medical aids conducive to good research. They must strive to maintain a culture based on constructive discourse and management of collegial disagreement.

They should encourage well-balanced recruitment of researchers. Criticism must not be silenced by referring to obligations of loyalty or requirements of obedience.

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Comments:

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